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Concepts & Topics

Quarry in Namibia

Global and local extractive industry

Quarry in Namibia

National and international extractive companies are vital partners in the establishment of a sustainable extractive sector. Various conditions need to be in place in order to ensure that the private sector will invest in a country’s extractive sector. Involving local small and medium-sized enterprises in the extractive sector in developing countries is also fraught with challenges. Find out more about the sector programme’s work in this field here. more

Good Financial Governance and Extractives

Gemstones from artisanal mines, Madagascar

With support from the extractive sector, resource-rich developing countries have the opportunity to generate significant revenue and mobilise domestic resources in order to achieve the SDGs. At the same time, the sector is extremely vulnerable to tax avoidance, illicit financial flows and corruption due to its complex structures. The Extractives and Development sector programme is involved in various initiatives to promote good financial governance (GFG). Find out more about the programme’s activities here. more

Resource potential and the economic assessment of extractive industry projects

Washing and separating wolframite concentration in a small surface mine in Rwanda (March, 2011)

Geological information is gathered in the course of exploration, and it often quantifies the extraction potential that a particular deposit offers. Such information gives companies a vital basis for their decision on whether or not it is economically viable for them to extract the resources at that site. Find out more about this topic here. more

Social and ecological aspects

Small-scale mining on gold in Democratic Republic of Congo

The extraction of natural resources is often associated with an impact on ecosystems. At the same time the extractive sector affects not only the social structure of the local population in the mining area but in many cases also the population in other parts of the country too. Consideration of social and ecological aspects is therefore crucial to the establishment of a sustainable extractive industry. Find out more about this topic. more

Implementing international raw materials policy standards

Coppermine in Zambia.

Many countries have a raw materials policy that sets out a framework for guidance and action and provides the basis for steering sustainable development in the sector. Optimum interaction between raw materials policy and legislation enables mineral resources to be exploited for the benefit of development. Find out more about this topic here. more

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