Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of EITI implementation: Guideline

05.07.2017 |

In September 2016, on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) the Extractives for Development programme released a study on Assessing the Effectiveness and Impact of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). Following the implementation of the 2013 EITI Standard, this study provided an extensive evaluation of the impact the initiative has generated so far. Concluding with a set of recommendations for EITI stakeholders on how to prepare the EITI to monitor and evaluate the results of EITI implementation, this study gave a broad overview of the strategy that should be considered to improve the yet weak national M&E systems.

Creating M&E systems that reach above output level and thus cover outcomes and impacts being the main challenge, the sector programme Extractives for Development developed the Guidelines for Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of EITI Implementation. Based on the EITI Impact Study, these guidelines form the logical addendum to the aforementioned recommendations.

This M&E Guideline helps EITI stakeholders to make the case for a results-oriented, country-specific M&E while complementing the official EITI guidance notes. To figure out if the activities and outcomes of an EITI programme are actually contributing to the original objectives that a country pursues by implementing the EITI, strong emphasize should be placed on assessing the actual impacts that EITI related activities generate. However, it remains a challenge to clearly link the impact to one particular group of outcomes. To avoid this “attribution gap” the Guidelines suggest applying the SMART framework to develop outputs and outcomes in a way that makes them feasible and measureable and to structure the national EITI work plan in a way that separates the different elements of the results model (see figure). The guideline also provides clarity on definitions such as impact, outcome etc.

Eventually, reliable M&E data strengthens the accountability of government, company and civil society stakeholders to one another and contributes to the political will of countries to continue to implement the EITI.

This guideline is work in progress: we welcome your comments and case study examples and like to consider them in future versions. Please send your suggestions to

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