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Good Governance Anti-corruption
Corruption does not only reduce trust in public institutions, but also distorts competition, reduces government revenues and undermines development-oriented budget allocation. Corruption is thus a cross-societal concern.
The factors that make the extractive sector so vulnerable to corruption are manifold, including the remoteness of mining operations, complex contractual arrangements and limited competition, coupled with high expected revenues and weak oversight institutions. While worldwide one in five cases of transnational bribery can be linked to the extractive sector according to the OECD, it is anticipated that the growing global demand and competition for access to natural resources will further exacerbate corruption risks in the sector.
Sector Programme Commitment
Against this background, global initiatives such as the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) aim to increase financial transparency and accountability of public revenues from the extractive sector in the fight against corruption. Embedding transparency in the modus operandi of companies and government institutions is therefore an integral step. In 2020 the EITI made anti-corruption a strategic priority for the next three years.
Preventing and combating corruption is a core objective of German development policy. Together with NRGI (External link), the Sector Programme “Extractives and Development” developed an anti-corruption tool, which supports EITI countries in identifying and addressing corruption risks in their oil, gas and mining industries. Supplementary information on the anti-corruption tool such as the annexes and other language versions (French, Spanish) can be found on the NRGI website (External link).